A fan is a machine used to create flow within a fluid, typically a gas such as air. The fan consists of a rotating arrangments of vanes or blades which act on the fluid. The rotating assembly of blades and hub is known as an impeller, a rotor, or a runner. Usually ,It is contained within some form of housing or case. This may direct the airflow or increase saftey by preventing objects from contacting the fan blades.

Most fans are powered by electric motors ,but other sources of power may be used, including hydraullic motors and internal combustion engines. Fans produce flows with high volume and low pressure (although higher than ambient pressure), as opposed to compressors which produce high pressure at a comparatively low volume. A fan blade will often rotate when exposed to a fluid stream, and devices that take advantage of this, Such as anemometers and wind turbines , often have designs similar to that of a fan.